10 things to know about para badminton

The Tokyo Paralympic Games in 2020 could not have come earlier for paramilitary badminton athletes. Many have been waiting for it since 2015, when the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) announced its inclusion in Tokyo. They now have less than 100 days to go.

1. Badminton is one of two sports that debuted at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo. Another sport is taekwondo.

© Badmintonphoto / BWF

2. Athletes are divided into six sports classes (two wheelchair classes and four standing classes) in a system called classification to ensure fairness in competition. Wheelchair athletes are classified in WH 1 and WH 2; standing athletes with lower impairment in SL 3 and SL 4, and upper impairment SU 5 and low growth SH 6.

© James Varghese / BWF

3. The sport will feature 90 athletes (46 men and 44 women) who will compete in 14 disciplines for the medal:

• single WH 1 (men / women)
• Individual WH 2 (men / women)
• singles SL 3 (men)
• individual SL 4 (men / women)
• individual SU 5 (men / women)
• singles SH 6 (men)
• Couples WH (men / women)
• Couples SL / SU (women / mixed)

© James Varghese / BWF

4. Most of the rules are the same as the capable version, with all events using the “best of three games” format, each with 21 points. Every time there is a service, a point is won. The winning side serves in the next point. In all 20, the side that gets the 2-point advantage first wins that game. If there are 29 in the game, the side that scores 30 points wins the game.

© James Varghese / BWF

5. All wheelchair competitions for singles and one standing class with lower limb damage (SL 3) use half of the terrain. Couples use the whole field, except the part near the net.

© James Varghese / BWF

6. Competitive wheelchairs include a number of modifications to help players. A low backrest is used to avoid interference with player movement. In addition, additional wheels added to the rear of the wheelchair prevent it from tipping over when a player reaches back to hit the manhole.

© James Varghese / BWF

7. The first World Cup was held in the Netherlands in 1998. Since then, 11 more editions have been held, most recently in 2019 in Basel, Switzerland. They are held every two years.

8. The height of the net is the same for all classes and is 1.55 m, as in Olympic badminton.

© James Varghese / BWF

9. The orchard is a piece of cork covered with goat skin with 16 goose feathers attached at one end. It can also be made of synthetic materials. It can reach speeds of up to 300 km / h.

© James Varghese / BWF

10. When tuning in a pair of badminton, knowing some terminology can help:

Clear – a high, deep shot that pushes the opponent into the back of the court.

Drop – a blow that barely cleans the net.

© James Varghese / BWF

Lifting – a generic term for kicking up.

Net – a blow from the suburbs that only cleans the net.

Smash – a strong offensive blow over the head.

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